ROMANIA at a GLANCE
National Statistics Board (INS)

Population
21,500,000

Size 238,000 sq km, 93,000 sq miles

GDP PPP
$189 billion (2014)
GDP PPP
$18,000 (per capita 2014)

Literacy 96%

Ethnic groups Romanian 87%, Hungarian 6.6%, Roma 5%, Ukrainian 0.3%, German 0.3%, Russian 0.2%, Turkish 0.2%, other 0.4% (2002)

Languages Romanian (Latin)
(details), Hungarian, German, plus others

Religions Eastern Orthodox (majority), Catholic, Greco-Catholic, Unitarian, Evangelical/Lutheran Protestant


Historic events
(timelines)
1859 - Wallachia and Moldavia unite
1881 - Monarchy established (Carol I) w. Parliamentary system and current tricolor flag adopted
1920 - Romania gains Transylvania
1941 - Collaboration w. Nazi Germany
1944 - Coup turns govt against Germany
1947 - Dec: King Michael forced to abdicate; Communists take-over
1989 - Dec: Communist regime overthrown (Ceausescu killed)
1992 - First free post-Communist elections
2005 - EU Accession Treaty Signed
2007 - EU Membership Formalized
2014 - Romanian open access to EU labor market

Return . . .
WIKIPEDIA on ROMANIA: see

DID YOU KNOW . . .

- The first jet plane to fly was invented by a Romanian, Henri Coanda see
- The game of baseball was perhaps first played in Romania and called "Oina"
- First evidence of "writing" was discovered in the Danube basin (before Summerian)
- Oil first exploited commercially in 1857 see, two years before oil discovered in Pennsylvania
- First compressed gaz operation in Europe - 1914 see
- Unitarian Church was founded in Cluj, Transylvania
- 2300 Allied airmen died in bombing raids on Ploesti's oild fields in WW II
- The "Desert Fox" Rommel first fought as an officer on the Romanian front in WW I and was defeated in his battle zone of Onesti (Hill 789)
- The modernist "Dada" movement of the 1920s was co-founded by a Romanian